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In the UK, birds are given a good deal of protection under the law.

Is it illegal to move a bird’s nest?

While protection of our wildlife can only be a good thing, legal regulations can make it tricky when dealing with pest birds.

While most wild birds are given complete protection by the law there are a few exceptions to allow for dealing with pest birds – or to cover circumstances out of your control.



Birds and the law

Britain’s bird laws were put in place to clampdown on activities that saw birds ill treated and killed as a form of entertainment in Victorian times.

Through successive acts of Parliament and wildlife campaigns it is now against the law in the UK to:

  • Kill or injure a wild bird;
  • Have a wild bird in your possession;
  • Stop a bird using its nest;
  • Have a wild bird’s egg in your possession;
  • Keep a wild bird in a cage where it cannot spread its wings.

Separate laws are in place to protect game birds around the shooting season.

So, the answer to the question of can I move a bird’s nest is ‘no’, not at least until the eggs have hatched and the young have flown the nest and there is no risk of any harm.

However, due to problems controlling pest birds it is possible in some circumstances to remove a nest – but only in the case of roof-nesting feral pigeons. In Northern Ireland this extends to house sparrows and starlings.

This sort of action is only ever allowed as a last-resort and must be carried out by an authorised person.

To make sure you always stay on the right side of the law when dealing with pest birds use an expert firm.

Should you have any concerns about birds becoming a pest at your property contact Total Bird Control for help and support.

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Do pigeon droppings pose a health risk?The most unpleasant aspect of unwanted bird infestations is their waste – messy and unsightly, it can also pose a potential health problem.

While no business or house looks good covered in unsightly bird droppings, the potential for spreading disease is far more serious.

It goes without saying that the worse the problem the higher the likelihood of contamination.

Health risks of bird droppings

Psittacosis – also known as parrot fever, Psittacosis, mainly affects birds associated with the parrot family but is also common among pigeons. It is spread to humans by being inhaled through contaminated dust.

Humans contaminated with the disease suffer flu-like symptoms that can include headache, joint pain, diarrhoea, fever and vomiting. It can develop into pneumonia and, if undiagnosed, or untreated can cause serious health problems.

Symptoms take between five and 19 days to take hold after exposure and once diagnosed Psittacosis can be treated with antibiotics.

Salmonella – A form of food poisoning, salmonella can cause vomiting and diarrhoea, which can lead to dehydration. It usually clears up without treatment, although in the case of vulnerable patients or severe dehydration medical intervention may be needed.

Pigeons can carry salmonella, which can be passed to humans if food or water becomes contaminated with bird faeces.

Cryptococcosis – This again can be inhaled through infected pigeon droppings and causes respiratory illness. This fungal disease is very serious in people with a compromised immune system and needs urgent medical attention.

Histoplasmosis – This is another fungal disease that can be spread through infected pigeon droppings and humans become infected by inhaling contaminated spores. The symptoms are described as being similar to the common cold, with no serious illness occurring as a result.

Pigeon droppings are difficult to get rid of safely – power washing for example lifts the airborne disease carrying matter into the air.

The safest option is to call in experts, who will clear the area thoroughly and offer advice on controlling bird infestations.

Contact Total Bird Control today for more information on bird decontamination.

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Watch out for the rules on birds nesting in chimneysSo what exactly is it about chimneys that make them so attractive to birds?

If they are not nesting in them, they are flying down them and getting stuck behind the fire.

Birds are protected and both these scenarios need to be dealt with using care and expertise.

It is not only ‘pest’ species that make themselves at home in the chimney, but the sort of birds a lot of people encourage into their garden with bird tables full of food.

Perfect spot for a jackdaw

Warm, compact and sheltered from the elements, chimneys make a great spot to build a bird’s nest. Particularly popular among jackdaws, birds single out their chimney of choice then begin the work of building a nest by dropping twigs into it.

If you suspect a bird might be making its home in your chimney – repeated journeys, bits of debris – now is the time to act, because once that nest is in use it is too late.

Know the law on nesting birds

Nesting birds are protected by law and it is an offence to try to remove a nest that is in use. Instead you will have to wait until the end of summer to clear out the chimney, with the nesting season running from March to August.

It goes without saying that it would be unwise to try to light an open fire once a nest has been detected. Apart from beaching the law on disturbing nesting birds, smoke would quite probably be pushed back into the house, and in the worst event the chimney could set on fire.

Call in specialist help

The only option once the nest is established is to wait it out then, when the nest is clear, invest in a specialist cowl, which will cover the top of the chimney and shield it from visiting birds in future. The nest will also need to be removed by a specialist, making sure every part is removed for safety reasons.

Unfortunately should a bird choose to fly down your chimney and get stuck behind the fire, it is recommended to call a gas engineer out to move the fire.

For advice about dealing with any bird control issues contact Total Bird Control today.

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Have you ever wondered why pigeons in particular seem to have a taste for urban living?

keep pigeons out of garden

They get chased by young children, run the gamut of bird deterrents and are flapped away by pigeon-phobics, yet still these birds choose concrete buildings, tarmac pavements and steel installations to make their home amid the hubbub of the city.

On the other hand food is plentiful. For every child chasing them away there is a shopper happy to share their crumbs – and herein is one of the main attractions.

A study did once suggest that smarter birds adjust to life in towns and cities as their bigger brains help them to navigate the varied layout and challenges of urban living.

However, it could have more to do with the humble pigeon’s heritage than its brain size or penchant for bakery crumbs.

From cliffs to city skylines – the pigeon’s journey

Descended from wild rock doves, which roost on cliffs and ledges, it is understandable that their feral pigeon relatives enjoy the cold comfort of city high-rise buildings and ledges, which mimic the cliff-side home, but away from the perils of some of nature’s predators.

And it is also no wonder these birds seem to be everywhere – there are as many as 28 million in Europe alone. However, city pigeons do face some of the threats they would out in the wilds being the food of choice for the re-emerging Peregrine falcon population, which also has a tendency to make its home in cities – and of course there are always cats to be considered.

Despite this the much smaller chance of encountering predators in the city is a reason why pigeons thrive in urban areas.

Rich pickings

Not having to work too hard to find food is another reason city living suits pigeons. As well as the food left behind by shoppers there are also plenty of people willing to feed pigeons, despite this thwarting councils’ efforts to reduce the population.

With high rise ledges to perch on, a ready food supply and a lack of natural predators it is no surprise that city dwelling suits pigeons down to the ground.

The lesson to take away would be if you want to keep pigeons off your property, put deterrents in place to make any ledges inhospitable, and make sure all food is cleared away thoroughly.

Contact Total Bird Control today to discuss ways to protect your property from pigeons.

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keep pigeons out of gardenTuppence to feed the birds? Well it could actually cost a lot more than that if legal restrictions have been put in place to tackle a pigeon problem.

The expression made famous by Mary Poppins more than half a century ago has been given a whole new meaning in a number of cases where bird feeders have found themselves on the receiving end of a hefty fine.

While it is not against the law to feed pigeons in the UK, councils do have the capacity to pass their own laws where pigeon populations have become a pest.

What is the law on feeding pigeons?

Pigeon populations thrive by being repeatedly fed by people. While they can also scavenge for scraps, deliberate feeding is the main problem in booming pigeon populations.

Pigeons breed rapidly and roost along with many other birds. The numbers of pigeons that can gather together in a certain area causes problems with the volume of unhygienic faeces they leave behind as well as their intimidating demands to be fed.

The most effective way to remove pigeons from a particular spot is through reducing food and installing anti-pigeon measures.

Stopping problem pigeon feeders

Pigeon problems will continue to persist when certain people are insistent on feeding the birds despite neighbours’ concerns.

However, as birds and their eggs have protected status in British law, councils are taking matters into their own hands, using bye-laws to get around pigeon problems.

One example, that is widely used, is fining people for leaving food waste in an area affected by pigeons, rather than being seen as food left for the birds to eat this is treated as litter and fines swiftly handed out. So, watch out emptying the crumbs of your pasty on the city streets for pigeons to hoover up.

In cases of persistent pigeon feeding, where the birds are causing a problem to neighbours and the community, a council can take action by applying for an order to target the behaviour, such as a community protection order.

Even famous pigeons can’t escape…

The most high-profile anti-pigeon action has got to be at London’s Trafalgar Square, which was historically home to vast numbers of pigeons.

There were so many pigeons at the historic site, it was deemed an uncomfortable experience to visit – and this, along with the £140,000 bill to repair the damage done to Nelson’s Column by the birds led to a bye-law being introduced to ban pigeon feeding. Anyone daring to feed pigeons in Trafalgar Square now does so at the risk of landing a £500 fine.

While pigeon feeders continue to sow the seeds of despair among families and businesses blighted by these pests, those not protected by littering laws need to find a solution of their own.

Make sure you stay on the right side of the law and call for expert advice to tackle pigeons at your property. Contact total Bird Control today.

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Picture the scene: The sun is shining, there’s a light breeze blowing, and all you can hear is the gentle hum of the waves below as you tuck into a well-earned al fresco pub lunch on holiday.

Don’t let customers get into a flap over aggressive seagulls

Then all of a sudden ‘SQUAAARK’, a sudden flap of wings, and there you are face-to-face with a huge seagull intent on devouring YOUR fish and chips.

That’s it, a pleasant lunch has now become a battle of wills. The seagulls hop from table-to-table demolishing leftovers and destroying the ambience, while you wolf your food down or retreat inside.

It’s an inconvenience to be sure, but what if that is your business? And what if those seagulls are deterring customers from making return visits?

Nature and humankind do have to live in harmony and no trip to the seaside in this country is complete without a seagull being spotted – on the horizon preferably.

But when seagulls descend on your business day after day, tackling the problem may have more to do with economic survival. And of course, seagulls don’t only make their home on the coast anymore with more and more making their homes in towns and cities.

Why are seagulls a problem?

Noisy, aggressive and messy, seagulls have been known to attack people, not just their lunches. They also make A LOT of noise, especially during the nesting season (March to September), and speaking of the nests – these block drains and attract parasites.

Then there are seagull droppings, which not only damage buildings with their acidic content, but if there are a large number of birds in the area, can create a public health hazard.

What can you do to stop seagulls being a pest?

Yes, it’s nature at work but none of this is good for business. So, what can businesses (restaurants in particular) do to protect their livelihood?

Seagulls are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, which means they are protected from being harmed. However, property owners can step in and seek the help of bird control experts to keep seagulls at bay. It is not advisable to try to tackle the problem without expert help.

Specialists, such as Total Bird Control can install deterrents, which will make the environment hostile to seagulls.

These measures include installing spikes to deter nesting, netting and wires to prevent access, and in some cases electric systems.

While there is no exact science to removing a protected bird, these measures will help to greatly improve problems businesses are experiencing with seagulls.

When the chips are down, don’t give in to seagull aggression, call in the experts to protect your business. Contact Total Bird Control on 08000 35 1000.


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In the UK, we have a wonderful assortment of bird life and, as with all aspects of the natural world, they enrich our lives. However, there is no doubting that certain birds, especially when they congregate in large numbers, can become a massive nuisance. In light of this, there are certain species that can attain pest status and under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, measures can be taken to control them as long as these measures are humane and carried out with special licenses and ideally, by professional bird control specialists.

Problem Birds – The Main Culprits

Here is a list of the main pest species that we have in the UK:

  • Herring Gull
  • Greater Black Backed Gull
  • Lesser Black Backed Gull
  • Jackdaw
  • Jay
  • Magpie
  • Rook
  • Crow
  • Collared Dove
  • Feral Pigeon
  • Wood Pigeon
  • Sparrow
  • Starling

The above birds only need a ready supply of food and suitable nesting/roosting sites in order to thrive. The number of birds that congregate in any one area will depend on the amount of food that is available so it’s important, especially if you run a restaurant or take-away operation, to keep good control of your food waste and ensure that it can’t be accessed easily. Issues such as disease, food contamination, noise, feces, building damage and insect infestations can all be brought about by the above bird species.

Bird prevention, proofing and control is a very specialist skill that requires expertise in specialist equipment and tools. At Total Bird Control we are often called upon to deal with pest bird infestations and the methods we commonly use include spikes, nets, wire and barriers. In some cases we will use audible scarers and shock strips to keep birds away, it simply depends on how big the problem is and what’s the best method for long-term control. Bird control systems can become less effective over long periods of time so the situation does need to be periodically reviewed.

For particularly bad infestations we may have to implement measures such as bird trapping, the flying of predatory birds or even shooting. The latter is obviously less desirable but in extreme cases, population reduction techniques are required to get the situation under control.

If you are experiencing a bird infestation problem and not sure who to turn to, then please do not hesitate to contact us. We will conduct a comprehensive survey of the problem and then advise you on the most appropriate control technique to implement. Contact us now and speak to one of our expert team.

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Before you start designing how your bird garden should look like, the first thing you should do is to go out and check some of the natural areas and parks near you. By going into parks and natural areas you will get a good sense of what kind of flowers, trees or plants make up the specific bird habitat near your place of residence. Take some notes about which species grow in the parks and other natural places and how those plants are structured. For example, how they form their layers and how some of them occur in very large drifts. Recreating the same growth type by using specific plants from your area is vital if you want to design a bird friendly garden.

Ideas to design a bird friendly garden

Recreating vertical layers when designing your bird-friendly garden can be done quite easily. Start by planting the tallest trees on the periphery of your garden, while larger and smaller shrubs, as well as wildflowers, should be planted closer to your house. Another important thing to pay attention to is to install plants that provide different nutrition for the birds during different seasons.

By limiting the size of your lawn. you will avoid many problems associated with fertilization or mowing.  Try changing the composition of your garden by introducing some native plant species. If you do that, your garden will be much more conducive to garden birds.

Avoid planting non-native, invasive plants which could be dangerous for birds. Also, do not forget to provide a good supply of fresh water for them.  Birds drink water not only when thirsty but also for cooling themselves down in warm months and especially during the migration period. In addition to this, another tip for making a bird-friendly garden is to provide plenty of nest boxes which they will come back every year to use.

Birds don’t have to be pests! Most of the time we are called out to deal with large seagull or pigeon infestations, but with a little control and introducing certain plants and features in your garden, you can enjoy the bird life in your garden instead of it being a burden!

Contact us for more information. 

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Pigeons are fascinating birds, but when they settle on your property or on your business premises in large numbers, that fascination can soon turn to irritation. Fortunately, there are some good DIY pigeon deterrents on the market that can help.

keep pigeons out of garden with pigeon deterrents

First of all, you can set up barriers. For instance, many people rely on anti-roosting spike strips that are usually placed on the roof even though you can place them literally anywhere you want. These spike strips are found in almost every garden centre and diy store. Observe and find out where pigeons like to roost and place the spikes accordingly.

For large commercial buildings like warehouses and stadiums, then pigeon netting can be a good option. This should stop the pigeons from congregating in the eaves and the rafters.

Some DIY pigeon deterrents only work in the short-term, but they are worth trying. One of these deterrents is the use of reflective items like reflective tapes, foil balloons, and noise devices. These items can be effective in scaring pigeons away but they can sometimes ruin the aesthetic look of your property which puts some people off. Another popular but short-term solution is the use of fake hawks or owls which are predator birds and natural enemies of pigeons. Once again, these can help to scare pigeons away but often, over time, pigeons can get used to them being there and realise that they are not real.

If you are looking for a long-term pigeon control solution, then please give us a call. We will carry out a site inspection of the problem area and advice on the best way forward.





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Pest bird species and the debris they leave is a real magnet for insects and bacteria. The faeces of birds, especially starlings, gulls and pigeon droppings, are creating the perfect environment for the development of pathogens. Many of these pathogens are dangerous to humans.

When they are isolated, these droppings are usually harmless, but when faeces are not cleaned and left to accumulate or there is an increase of droppings due to pest bird infestation, the hazards that these droppings bring are significantly higher.

How dangerous are bird pest faeces?

According to official statistics, the number of birds, especially gulls and pigeons, that live in urban areas has increased drastically in the last decade. One of the reasons for this is the fact that these birds are true scavengers and they can easily live by eating food leftovers, litter and even the content of dustbins. On top of that, they have adjusted to urban living and they can make any part of a building their home including high ledges, balustrades and parapets.

Six out of ten birds that belong to these species may have dangerous bacteria in their system. People can be exposed to the effects of these bacteria by breathing then in once the faeces become solid, dried and powdered in large quantities.

There are two common health issues caused by bird faeces

First, there is salmonellosis which is triggered by Salmonella bacteria. Literally, every bird species can have these bacteria in their faeces. People can get infected by drinking water or consuming food that was contaminated by the bird. Vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, nausea and fever are some of the common symptoms of salmonellosis.

The other common health issue is ornithosis. This health problem, also known as parrot fever and psittacosis, is triggered by Chlamydophila psittaci bacteria. In most cases, people are infected by parrots even though pigeons can carry the bacteria too. The symptoms are very intense and similar to the ones caused by salmonellosis.

These diseases are very rare but it’s always best to be aware of them.

If you’re experiencing bird pest problems and need assistance, please do not hesitate to get in touch.